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Plant Profile

Kaibab火焰草 (Castilleja kaibabensis)

这种植物七月初开花. Photo Credit: 乔伊斯Maschinski
Description
  • Global Rank: G1 -严重危险
  • Legal Status: N/A
  • Family: Orobanchaceae
  • State: AZ
  • 自然服务ID: 149082
  • 全国征集日期: 04/04/1991

Kaibab Indian paintbrush是在亚利桑那州发现的14种Castilleja中的一种(Lehr 1978). This particular species is a woody herbaceous perennial. 它的多毛的长矛状叶子沿着多毛的茎生长,可长到大约40厘米高. Bracts are also hairy and flowers vary from yellow, orange, to red-orange. (Cronquist et al 1984) This species is very similar in appearance to C. integra and C. lineariaefolia, 但不同的是,它的苞片被相当尖锐的裂片分割,茎上的毛有圆形的尖端,不是白色的. The leaves are also more appressed (Brian 2000).

参与机构
Updates
Sheila Murray
  • 10/11/2021
  • 种子集合

方案协调会从博物馆和图书馆服务研究所获得一笔赠款,用于一个题为, “在野生稀有植物物种保存的种子收集中,RNA完整性是一个强大的老化指标”, and as part of this grant 弗拉格斯塔夫的植物园 collected seeds for Castilleja kaibabensis或者凯巴布高原画笔. We collected over 9000 seeds bulked together in October of 2021. 这些新鲜的小种子将与我们从同一种群中收集到的较老的种子进行比较,以发现稀有种子在储存过程中失去活力的速度. The seed collecting conditions in 2021 were vastly superior to conditions in 2020, in which Northern Arizona experienced the worst drought in recorded history. 整个生态系统的植物对降雨量恢复到相对正常水平的转变反应良好.

植物保护中心
  • 10/08/2021
  • 正统的种子银行

As outlined in the CPC and USFS Rare Plant Seed Banking Agreement, 希拉·默里收集了一些东西 Castilleja kaibabensis 在2020年9月附近 Dermotte Park region of Kaibab National Forest in an open meadow. Sheila visited a population of 600 individuals 她观察了60个生殖成熟的个体,并从59个母系中收集了有活力的种子. In total, 希拉收集了2035颗种子, these were divided and a portion were sent to NLGRP for back up.  

植物保护中心
  • 10/08/2021
  • 正统的种子银行

As outlined in the CPC and USFS Rare Plant Seed Banking Agreement, 希拉·默里收集了一些东西 Castilleja kaibabensis 在2020年9月附近 Dermotte Park region of Kaibab National Forest in an open meadow. Sheila visited a population of 600 individuals 她观察了60个生殖成熟的个体,并从59个母系中收集了有活力的种子. In total, 希拉收集了2035颗种子, these were divided and a portion were sent to NLGRP for back up.  

植物保护中心
  • 10/08/2021
  • 种子集合

In a five-year collaboration between US Forest Service (USFS) and 植物保护中心 (CPC), 稀有植物种群 located on Region 3 USFS land were identified, seed collectedand banked through CPC’s network of botanical gardens.  希拉·默里是弗拉格斯塔夫植物园的主要收藏者,那里收藏的都是危难生物 Castilleja kaibabensis. 这一物种是凯巴布国家森林特有的,出现在只有12平方英里的区域. Sheila visited a population of 600 individuals 在2020年9月附近 Dermotte Park region of Kaibab National Forest in an open meadow. 她观察了60个生殖成熟的个体,并从59个母系中收集了有活力的种子. In total, 希拉收集了2035颗种子, these were divided and a portion were sent to NLGRP for back up.  

植物保护中心
  • 08/18/2021
  • 正统的种子银行

In 2021, CPC contracted the Arboretum at Flagstaff to recollect seed from a population currently held in long term orthodox seed storage as part of an IMLS-funded seed longevity experiment. The National Laboratory for Genetic Resources 保存将评估种子批次的发芽测试活力和RNA完整性如何随时间在存储中下降.

  • 10/27/2020
  • 正统的种子银行

CPC资助了Flagstaff的植物园,于2020年在USFS的土地上完成了种子收集,他们的种子银行中有一个种子收集

  • 10/27/2020
  • 正统的种子银行

CPC资助了弗拉格斯塔夫的植物园,在2020年完成了USFS土地上的种子收集-备份种子批位于NLGRP

  • 10/27/2020
  • 种子集合

CPC Funded the Arboretum at Flagstaff to complete a seed collection on USFS land in 2020

自然服务生命学
  • 05/02/2017

Known only from the Kaibab Plateau in northern Arizona. Occurs in an area of only about a dozen square miles (Reichenbacher 1986 cited by AGFD 1992). It was apparently fairly abundant within this area (AGFD 1992). 种群数量减少了,现在只在三个一般地区发现了植物(AGFD 2012). 由于自2012年以来已收集到新的标本,因此应对植物标本室标本进行审查,以评估种群趋势.

乔伊斯Maschinski, Ph值.D.
  • 01/01/2010

Grazing poses the most significant threat to this species.

乔伊斯Maschinski, Ph值.D.
  • 01/01/2010

This species is considered to have a stable population, with many hundreds of thousands of plants occurring in a 5 to 6 mile stretch. However, it is possible that these trends are not accurate, 作为另一种更常见的物种, Castilleja integra, occurs in the same area and has a similar appearance. (Arizona Fish and Game Department 1999)

乔伊斯Maschinski, Ph值.D.
  • 01/01/2010

None known.

乔伊斯Maschinski, Ph值.D.
  • 01/01/2010

在任何潜在的不利活动可能发生在USFS的土地上之前,该物种仍然被考虑.

乔伊斯Maschinski, Ph值.D.
  • 01/01/2010

As more surveys were done for the species, more populations were found. 它仍然被列为林业局敏感物种,国家等级S2,风险非常低.

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Nomenclature
Taxon Castilleja kaibabensis
Authority N. Holmgren
Family Orobanchaceae
CPC Number 820
ITIS 501324
USDA CAKA6
Common Names Kaibab Indian paintbrush | Kaibab Plateau Indian paintbrush | Kaibab paintbrush
相关的科学名称 Castilleja kaibabensis
Distribution 亚利桑那州大峡谷国家公园北缘Kaibab高原特有(Cronquist等人. 1984).
State Rank
State State Rank
Arizona S1
Habitat

Found in subalpine meadows surrounded by spruce-fir-aspen forests from 8,200 to 9,000 feet (2501 to 2745 meters) in elevation. Soils in the meadows where it is found are often fine silts, clays, or rocky, all of which are derived from weathered Kaibab limestone. 这些植物常生长在低地, 圆形的山脊和小山丘, 通常在最干燥的地方, most exposed sites in open subalpine meadows. (Arizona Fish and Game Department 1999; Cronquist et al. 1984)

生态关系

正如亚利桑那州狩猎和渔业部门(1999)在植物摘要中强调的那样:花朵由大黄蜂和/或蜂鸟授粉. Pollination ecology and seed dispersal mechanisms are not known. This species readily colonized sites that are disturbed, and as such is considered an early-to-mid successional species.

Pollinators
Common Name Name in Text 关联类型 Source InteractionID
Bees
Bees 确认传粉者 Link
Birds
Hummingbirds Hummingbirds 确认传粉者 Link

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